The regulatory environment is deep with rules governing how healthcare organizations (HCO) behave. One particularly strict law is the Stark Law, governing how HCOs interact with referring physicians. The law prevents HCOs from paying physicians unless a safe harbor is met. Assuming the HCO takes proper care in setting up this agreement, problems can still arise in how the agreement is operationally managed over time. If not followed exactly as written, the organization may fall outside the safe harbor rendering the organization in violation. Because the law is non-intent based, the OIG will not be swayed if the HCO inadvertently violates the law. Meaning, even if there is a technical violation of the law, the full wrath of the law applies.